What Is Compost
What Is Compost?
Compost results from the decomposition and transformation of biodegradable organic materials through:
- Micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, algae, yeasts, molds)
- Small earthworms of compost
And in the presence
- On the water
- On oxygen
- It is a natural biological process
“Nothing is thrown, everything is transformed”
Heap of Compost Waste
By this ecological gesture, you will value your biodegradable kitchen waste and you will benefit from a rich free soil for organic gardening without chemical fertilizers, for your kitchen garden, your plants of interior and outside etc., but also you will reduce the volume of garbage to be evacuated and your expenses for the supply of garbage bags.
Garden compost is obtained by fermentation of organic waste in the presence of oxygen, it is a decomposition of organic products of household waste under the combined action of microorganisms present in nature: to earth, microscopic fungi. It is a natural organic amendment of vegetable origin which presents it as a fine potting soil. This compost will be incorporated into the garden soil to improve soil fertility and compensate for the soil elements that have been used for plant growth and the lowering of the level of soil that is being tilled in the garden.
Preferably, opt for a discreet place from 1 to 2 m², half shade, with easy access for a wheelbarrow.
You can book a place in your garden to pile up your garbage and create a compost pile. But a simple pile, often visible, is exposed to bad weather and the sun and can attract by its kitchen waste, pets and wild.
A composter is preferable. Making a compost silo in a corner of your garden and composting is faster in a composter, away from direct sunlight and bad weather.
If you have large volumes to process, you can set up several composters.
To circulate the air in the compost, lift it from time to time using a fork to aerate the debris and prevent the pile from rotting. The contents of the composter should not be dry, so as not to block the fermentation. It should not be soggy either, because too much moisture prevents aeration and slows fermentation. Diversify waste by alternating layers of wet waste such as peelings of fruits and vegetables or grass and layers of dry waste such as leaves and straw.
Recover the mature compost 8 to 12 months later. It is at the base of the compost pile, covered by layers of waste being decomposed. Ready-to-use compost gives off a smell of forest ground.